Environmental Information Systems (13OZS32O2)
- Level of study undergraduate studies
Ph.D. Ivan Novković
- Subject status: obligatory
- ECTS: 6
- Semester: VI
- Number of classes: 2+2
Acquiring knowledge in the field of information systems of the environment.
Creation of an ecological information system of a single spatial unit (municipalities, regions, district, etc.).
- Introductory notes on environmental information systems (general system theory, information systems of the environment, subsystems, etc.);
- Database of environmental elements (geocoded database, hierarchical levels);
- Modeling environmental data (concept, spatial, conceptual, logical models);
- Types of geospatial data (geometric, graphic, descriptive data);
- Themes, entities, attributes (name, cause-effect links);
- Mapping of environmental elements for the needs of an ecological information system (nature of GIS applications);
- Comparison of geospatial data (geometric and attributive comparison and comparison of time components);
- Designing an ecological information system (defining dedicated maps for the needs of designing of an ecological information system, data characteristics);
- Topology rule (point topology);
- Topology rule (line topology);
- Topology rule (polygon topology);
- 3D modelling of the environmental data(DEM, DTM, DLM);
- Geostatistic methods (interpolation, kriging);
- Analysis of discrete spatial entities (spatial analysis, network analysis, creation of queries);
- Current trends in environmental information systems.
- Introduction to GIS tools available at the Faculty of Geography in Belgrade (Geomedia, ArcGIS);
- Defining the requirements and analyzing the feasibility of the ecological information system (defining a spatial unit for work in the mentioned software - municipalities, regions, district, etc.) - start making graphic work;
- Raster data editing (control and correction of raster content, georeferencing, projection, datum);
- Vector data editing (creation of geometry, graphics, archiving into a database);
- Topology construction (defined spatial unit);
- Output data checking (linking data, creating queries);
- Determination of topics, entities, attributes for the elements of the environment of a particular spatial unit;
- Creation of a database of the pedological and geological characteristics of a specific spatial unit;
- Creation of DEM and DTM of a certain spatial unit;
- Creation of a database for vegetation and the land use of a specific spatial unit (CORINE / Landsat);
- Creation of a database of potential air pollutants of a specific spatial unit (according to impact zones);
- Creation of database of water pollutants of a specific spatial unit(according to impact zones);
- Creation of database of soil degradation of a specific spatial unitaccording to impact zones(physical, chemical, biological degradation);
- Creation of a database of the current state of the environment of a specific spatial unit (water, air, soil, vegetation);
- Completion of the construction of a database of the environment of a specific spatial unit (data supplementation and alteration).
Günther O. (1998): Environment Information System, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Harvey F. (2008): A Primer of GIS: Fundamental Geographic and Cartographic Concept, The Guilford Press, New York • London.
Richards D. J., Allenby B. R and Compton D. W. (2001): Information System and the Environment, National Academy of Engineering, National Academy Press, Washington.
Wilson P. J., Fotheringham A. S. (2008): The Handbook of Geographic Information Science, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford.
Wadsworth R., Treweek J. (1999): Geographical Information System for Ecology, Longman, Edinburgh.