Industrial Geography (NOG32O2)
- Level of study undergraduate studies
Ph.D. Mirko Grčić
- Subject status: obligatory
- ECTS: 4
- Semester: VI
- Number of classes: 2+1
Students introduct with theoretical and methodological essence of industrial geography as a scientific discipline. They are also lectured how to detect location factors and to understand the principle of spatial organisation of industry. Other aims of the subject: Scientific explanation of the mechanisms of functioning of territorial industrial systems in space; An explanation of the process of industrialization and of changes that industry is launching in geographical area. Introduction with the industrial space of the world in a territoral and regional aspect.
Students need to: acquire basic terms in the industrial geography; master the methods of measuring the development and deployment of the industry; understand the location theories and the role of location factors; scientfically explain the structural changes and regional differentiation of the industry; acquire knowledge about the spatial and structural characteristics of individual industrial types in a global and regional aspect; explain the causes and consequences of industrialization.
THEORETICAL-METHODOLOGICAL INTRODUCTION: Problems of industrial deployment in the history of geography. Contemporary trends in the development of industrial geography and links to other sciences; CONCEPT OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF INDUSTRY: Hierarchical development. Structural-evolutionary concept. Structural-periodic conception; LOCATION THEORIES OF INDUSTRY: Normative theories, behavioral theory, system approach, radical geography and structuralism; INDUSTRIAL AND URBAN SYSTEMS: Industry in the spatial structure of the city, the layout of the industry and hierarchy of the settlements; INDUSTRIAL AND REGIONAL SYSTEMS: Industry in the theory of regional development, neoclassical models, structural models; LOCATION FACTORS OF INDUSTRY: Natural conditions and resources, industry and environment, economic factors, concentration, agglomeration and inertia of industry; SPATIAL PLANNING OF DEVELOPMENT AND DEPLOYMENT OF INDUSTRY: regional policy and industry deployment, ecological policy, innovative policy; ENERGY INDUSTRY: Energy balance of the world, coal, oil and natural gas, electricity, alternative energy; METALURGY: Black and non-ferrous metallurgy; MACHINERY INDUSTRY: Mechanical engineering, production of means of transport and agricultural machinery, electrical and electronics industry; CHEMICAL INDUSTRY: Organic, inorganic (basic) and light chemical industry; TEXTILE INDUSTRY - development, significance, structure and deployment; OTHER TYPES OF INDUSTRY. Leather and footwear industry, agroindustry, woodworking industry, production of building materials. CHANGES IN THE INDUSTRIAL MAP OF THE WORLD.
Industrial classification methods. Methods of measuring the degree of industry development and the process of industrialization of countries and regions. Cartographic methods of presentation of industry. Methods of measuring the degree of spatial concentration and industry specialization. Case analysis on the topic: Industrialization and urbanization. Critical analysis of industry location theory. Case analysis on the theme of industrial production sites. Industrial agglomerations. Industry in the spatial structure of the city. Industry and environment.
Grčić M. Industrijska geografija, “Naučna knjiga”, Beograd, 1994.
Vrišer I. Industrijska geografija. Oddelek za geografijo Filozofske fakultete v Ljubljani, 2000.
Wielonski A. Geografia przemyslu. WUW, Warszawa, 2005.
Merenne-Schoumaker, La localisation des industries, Nathan Universite, Paris, 1996.