Soil and Water Monitoring (13OZS41O2)

Introduction to the basic methods and techniques of soil and water monitoring, sources of information for determining their recent situation, as well as quantitative methods for determining the resulting changes.

Developing awareness of the necessity of conducting monitoring of soil and water in order to preserve and protect these resources.

Theoretical lectures

1. Learning about the subject matter and the obligations of students of the given course. 2. Definition, importance and objectives of monitoring soil and water; The way of formation, type and scope of monitoring; Media controls; Dynamics of control and sampling; Applicability of the results of monitoring of soil and water. 3. Monitoring of soil erosion (mechanical water erosion); Basic overview of different methodologies. 4. Gavrilovic`s method. 5. USLE and RUSLE methods. 6. Method Cs-137. 7. Hydrotechnical method. 8. Monitoring of river regimes (suspended sediment concentration) and siltation of reservoirs. 9. Monitoring of river regimes (chemically dissolved load). 10. Monitoring of riverbank erosion. 11.  Monitoring of wind erosion; Determination of the mean annual-wind erosion intensity; 12. Water quality, concept, recent state and protection; Monitoring (control) of surface and groundwater quality. 13. Methodology for determining the degree of soil contamination. 14. Analysis of the occurrence of heavy metals in soil and river sediments. 14. Report on the state of soil and water in Serbia. 15. Measures to protect soil and water from further degradation.


Practical lectures

1. Introduction to the methodology and content of the seminar paper. 2.  The methodology of collecting data to create maps of erosion: rainfall, soil types, topographical analysis, vegetation cover. 3. Analysis of soil erosion map of Serbia; Intensity of erosion processes. 4. Creating a map of erosion by Gavrilović method. 5. Analysis of river regime: flow, suspended sediment concentration - SSC, chemically dissolved load. 5. Calculation of sediment transport and its balancing. 6. The methodology of determining the intensity of riverbank erosion. 7. Processing of data sources for soil and water quality. 8 Determination of the Serbian water quality index. 9. Mapping surfaces with different types of soil degradation. 10.  Development of a cadastre of sources of pollution of soil and water. 11. Mapping the spatial distribution of heavy metals in the soil. 12. Colloquium. 13-15. Preparation and defense of the seminar paper.

  1. Jevtić Lj. (1973): Possibility of determining the mean annual intensity of wind erosion through measuring instruments. Bulletin of the Faculty of Forestry, Beograd.
  2. Dragicevic, S. (2002): Sediment Load balance in the Kolubara river basin. Faculty of Geography, Belgrade.
  3. Lazarević R. (2004): Experimental research of water erosion intensity. Serbian and Montenegrin association for torrent control, Belgrade.
  4. Toy T., Foster G., Renard K. (2002): Soil erosion – processes, prediction, measu­re­ment and control. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
  5. Mayer R., Bohner A., Plank C., Marold B. (2008): Monitoring Methods – system behind a safer environment. Agricultural research and Education centre, Raumberg, Austria

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